Breed Specific Necrotizing Encephalitis In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments


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Breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs is a medical condition that describes inflammation of a dog’s brain and the destruction of brain tissue.

As its name suggests, the condition affects only a select number of dog breeds, including Yorkshire Terriers, Pugs, and Maltese dogs. It also produces a range of different symptoms depending on the breed of the affected dog.

If you see signs that your canine might be suffering from brain inflammation, then you must consult your veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and course of treatment. Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs.

Symptoms Of Breed Specific Necrotizing Encephalitis In Dogs

Breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs can result in a wide range of symptoms depending on both the breed of the dog in question and the part of the brain that has been affected.

Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Seizure
  • Going blind
  • Circling
  • Acting in an abnormal fashion

Causes Of Breed Specific Necrotizing Encephalitis In Dogs


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Unfortunately, the cause of breed specific necrotizing encephalitis in dogs is idiopathic, meaning it is unknown.

When it comes to the breeds of dog that the condition affects, the most common breeds include:

  • Yorkshire Terrier
  • Maltese
  • French Bulldog
  • Pug
  • Shih Tzu
  • Chihuahua

Veterinary Treatments

If you think that your dog is developing breed specific necrotizing encephalitis, then your veterinarian will ask a series of questions about their symptoms and medical history. Your vet will also want to carry out a full physical examination of your dog and order blood and urine tests.

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Additionally, the vet may order an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging); although, there are challenges that come with using this type of imaging to form a diagnosis. In some cases, taking a brain biopsy is the most effective way to confirm the condition.

Unfortunately, there is no current treatment for this disease. Instead, your vet will focus on reducing the affects of any symptoms your dog might be suffering from.

The vet may also suggest medication to help with any inflammation issues. As ever, if your vet prescribes any medicine for your dog, then it is vital that you stick to the precise dosage and frequency instructions along with completing the full course of medication.

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